Lipstick Making&Soap Making

 Generalization

               Soap making can be very simple or you can make it as complicated as you like. The beauty of making your own soap is that you can make it with the ingredients that you choose and the fragrances that you like. Adjustments aren’t hard, but take some practice. Most all soap recipes use ounces or grams and ingredients must be weighed to get good results. I’ve found a way to simplify the process by converting the ingredients to cups and portions of cups. It’s much easier and you get the same results time after time.

The one thing in homemade soap you can’t substitute is lye. You should always use 100% sodium hydroxide, or lye in crystal form. Don’t substitute liquid lye or drain cleaners such as Drano. These may cause inaccurate measurements or have bits of metal in them. You don’t want either.

Lye is caustic. It can eat holes in fabric and cause burns on your skin. Always be extra careful when using lye. Use gloves and eye protection and a mask if desired. When you mix the lye with water, it will heat up and fume for about 30 seconds to a minute. It may cause a choking sensation in your throat. Don’t worry, it’s not permanent and will go away after a few minutes. Always add lye to water (not water to lye), and start stirring right away. If allowed to clump on the bottom, it could heat up all at once and cause an explosion.

Even though lye is caustic and dangerous to work with, after it reacts with the oils in your soap (through a process called saponification), no lye will remain in your finished soap.

When making soap, use equipment that will not be used for cooking. While you could clean everything really well, it’s best not to take a chance. Stainless steel, tempered glass and enamel are all good choices for mixing bowls. Don’t use copper or aluminum, they will react with the lye. Some plastics may melt, so don’t use plastic bowls. For spoons, use styrene plastic or silicone. For molds, you can get soap molds at your local craft store or use silicone baking pans  These are great because you can peel the mold right off. Other things you want to have are a pint and a quart canning jar, newspaper, a stainless steel thermometer that reads between 90° and 200°  an old towel, and any additions you want to add to the soap.

When you’re done making soap, always clean your equipment that has been exposed to lye. You can neutralize the lye with white vinegar, then wash the equipment well as you normally would. For the rest of it, let it sit for several days. Why? Because when you first make soap, it’s all fat and lye. You’ll be washing forever and you could burn your hands on the residual lye. If you wait, it becomes soap and all it takes to clean it is a soak in hot water.

  Until the early 1900’s, much of the soap used was made at home. Fats from cooking and butchering were saved until there was enough to make a batch of soap. This all changed in 1916 when a shortage of fats (a main ingredient in soap) occurred during World War I. As an alternative was needed, enterprising companies developed the first synthetic soaps called detergents.

With a wide variety of oils available today, making your own soap is once again very inexpensive, and a good choice for those concerned about quality, health related benefits, and the environment.

Successful soap making today is a result of a much better understanding of chemistry, experience, and a wider variety of ingredients to choose from. Today’s soaps are milder and better for skin thanks to the availability ofvegetable and plant based oils.
Chemically speaking, soap is a salt. An acid and a base react with one another and are neutralized to form a salt or soap. A more basic explanation is: oils or fats combine with Sodium Hydroxide or “Lye” in a process called saponification to produce soap.

Hand made soap retains extra glycerin, known to soften the skin naturally. Glycerin is one of the best known humecants (attracts moisture to the skin). It is often extracted during the process of manufacturing commercially made soap, then sold as a valuable by-product. Natural ingredients are rarely used in commercially manufactured soap. If used at all, it is sparingly. One of the best advantages of making your own soap is that you are in charge of quality control. You decide which ingredients to use and how much.

Animal versus Vegetable-based Soaps

Originally, all soap was made from animal fats — mainly lard from pigs and tallow from cattle. It was readily available and at the time no one questioned the use of animal by-products. Over time, new oils were extracted from vegetables, grains and nuts providing an alternative to animal oils.
Vegetable oil soaps are chemically superior and can be of higher quality than soaps made with animal fats. Vegetable oils are more readily absorbed by the skin while animal oils have been found to clog pores and aggravate certain skin conditions, such as eczema.

The Soap Process

Natural hand-made soap is not difficult to make, once you understand the basics. You can make a batch of soap in as little as one hour, depending on the formula.
The following is the basic formula for making all soap:

Fatty acid (oil) + Base (lye) = “A Salt” (soap)

The oil or fat is heated gently. Lye and water are combined separately. When both ingredients reach the required temperature, they are combined. When the mixture becomes the desired consistency, it is poured into a mould. The bars are then removed from the mould after setting up (approximately 24 to 48 hours). They are restacked and allowed to “cure” or dry until hard. This can take anywhere from 3 to 8 weeks depending on the formula.
There are 3 keys to successful soap making:

1.     Accurately weighed ingredients.
2.     A good formula.
3.     Proper technique.

Cold Process Method: This process is widely used by home-based soap makers. The neutralization stage takes place during the moulding stage. Our kits follow this method.

Semi-boiled Method: After the soap mixture traces, heat is added using a double-boiler to cause the soap to neutralize before being moulded.

Full-boiled Method: This method is where all ingredients are prepared in one large container. Heat is added causing neutralization. Large commercial manufacturers use this method to achieve the by-product called glycerin.

Transparent Soap: This soap is made clear by adding solvents such as alcohol to prevent crystals from forming as the soap cools. Transparent soap is often referred to as Glycerin Soap. However, this is a fallacy as glycerin is not needed to produce a clear or transparent soap. This soap can be drying to the skin.

Melt and Pour Soap: Or also known a solid Glycerin blocks. Pure glycerin, animal or vegetable derived, is always liquid and can only be solidified by the addition of plastizer chemicals. To produce a foam, detergents are added. This method is simply making soap from soap and is more expensive than starting from scratch. Melt and pour soaps may have natural ingredients added to them but they are synthetically based.

Preservatives

A preservative is defined as something that protects against decomposition. However, nature has its own agenda and decay is inevitable. There are no preservatives, synthetic or natural, that can completely stop this process — they can only slow it down.

Oxidation occurs within fats/oils which causes rancidity and spoilage to occur. Carrot oil, Vitamin E oil, and Grapefruit Seed Extract are three natural preservatives that are recommended. They contain powerful anti-oxidants such as vitamin A, E and C, which can help prevent spoilage.

The formulas in this booklet do not require any additional preservatives, unless you choose to add an ingredient that is vulnerable to rancidity, i.e. fresh fruit or vegetable matter.Equipment Needed

  • One large stainless steel mixing bowl (the larger the better). This greatly reduces the amount of splatter leaving the bowl during the mixing process
  • One heat-resistant container that hold 2 cups (glass Pyrex works well) to mix Lye and water. Note: Using a large container may result in rapid heat loss and temperatures not reaching their goal
  • A container to heat oils. If using the stove, a stainless steel pot will do. If using the microwave, use a microwave-safe container
  • Candy or meat thermometer made of glass and stainless steel (having two works best — one for the lye and one for the oil)
  • Protective wear: long sleeved shirt, pants, shoes (no bare feet), glasses and rubber gloves. Keep a bottle of vinegar nearby to neutralize lye spills
  • Soap moulds; plastic, cardboard, or wood (use wax paper to line, see “Soap Moulds”)
  • Measuring spoons, pot holders or oven mitts, and plastic spatulas
  • Digital scale, accurate to at least two grams (if not using our kits)

Soap Moulds

Generally, you can use just about any type of plastic, wood, or cardboard as a soap mould. Do not use tin, aluminum, Teflon, or copper as they react with the lye. Candy and candle moulds may work well, too. If you want something simple, choose a square or rectangular container and cut the bars to size after your soap has set. Cardboard milk or juice containers work well as they are coated with wax.

To make round soaps try recycling a plastic bottle. Using an empty, clean, plastic pop or round shampoo bottle, carefully slice the sides of the bottle lengthwise. Tape sides using plastic packing tape to prevent leakage. Pour the soap mixture and let set for required amount of time. Peel tape back and release your soap, then cut the bars to a desired size. Set to cure as usual.

If you are having trouble getting your soap to release from the mould, try placing it in the freezer for two hours. This will cause the soap mixture to shrink from the sides and make removal easier.

To help with release, use vegetable shortening to grease your moulds. Cardboard or wooden moulds require a combination of waxed paper or freezer paper and vegetable shortening.

Lipstick Making

         What is the easiest recipe to make lipstick at home? What recipe ingredients are best for making any color of lipstick? Why should I make lip cosmetics for myself? Well, in one way or another, you will learn the answers to these questions. Making your own lipstick has its own benefits. The most important one is that homemade natural lipstick is safe to use compared to commercial leaded lipsticks.

One of the best ways to get new lipstick is by recycling old crayons. While many name-brand lipsticks contain a wide array of chemicals, lipsticks made from crayons are non-toxic, include a single ingredient, and have been handled by you alone. Plus, producing customized shades can be lots of fun.

Kids’ crayons? Yes! Making your own lipstick takes only about 10 minutes, costs next to nothing and allows you to choose from a dizzying (and unconventional) array of colors.

Is it safe? Even though Crayola does not publish a detailed and specific ingredient list, they do formulate their crayons so that toddlers can eat a whole box of the stuff without suffering anything more serious than a stomach ache. Crayons consist mainly of paraffin wax and non-toxic pigments. Wax is a major component in any lipstick or chapstick, and crayons’ pre-mixed pigments will give you more choices, at less cost than either food coloring (I’ve tried that too) or the powders and gels cosmetic suppliers will sell you.

This recipe works surprisingly well. The colors last longer, and stick to your lips better than regular commercial lipstick.

Gallery

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FINISH PRODUCT

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Autobiography of my groupmates

Hi I’m Vincent Nińo M. Candelaria, 17 years old, and here is a story of a free and simple person.

On the sixteenth (16th)  day of  January, there is a one mother who gave birth to a very cute and big child, but when the doctor  says that the child was dead because he  is so very black and he’s not breathing, the mother became emotional, but the doctor keep on trying to survive the child, she tapped at the butt of the child , and after a while the child cried and the doctor told  to the mother that the child was alive, and the mother cried because of the happiness that she was felt,  she gave love, care, importance, to her child, but after two (2) years  the child got an illness, the mother was s very worried  because of the illness  of her child, almost twice a month she go to the hospital with her child , and after a several months the illness of the child being cured.

After a several years the child became young, and he is so very excited to go to school  because he wants to have new many friends and to have a knowledge, on he grade two(2), he was on the top ten on they’re class until he graduated on elementary, and when he was on high school he felt so shy on the beginning of their  class, but when he felt that he  was comfortable, he being enjoy his high school days and after he go home he do his assignment, and do his obligation on the household, but when he was on Third (3rd) year, he felt that there is  a feeling that he can’t explain, and after a several days he realized that he is a gay, and his movement is just like a girl, but his father didn’t support him, so that he tried to act like a real boy, but he cannot take it, and he told to himself that someday his father will support him of what he is,  and he was happy when his  aunt told him that he is accepted by his  father of what he is, and he is now 2nd  in college taking  Bachelor of Science in BIOLOGY @ Partido State University , he study very well because he want to proved that he is not the pain on his parents, and he will became a DERMATOLOGIST someday.

 Klein Belleca

I was born on March 8,1998 in Naga City, Philippines. My name is Klein B. Belleca. My father is Javier A. Belleca and my mother is Filipina B. Belleca,i have a brother named B-jay B. Belleca.

I had a lot of friends who knows me more during the time when we were a child,we play the game “Puto”,that’s why people that surround me called me a 4years old kid. I grew up in Maangas Presentacion,where i was active in Girl Scout and graduated from Maangas Elementary School in 2010.

In highschool,i began feel the pressure placed on me by my teacher. I graduated as a honor of my class although i wasn’t a valedictorian perhaps because i didn’t want to give my overbearing family the satisfaction. And then i choose a large public university a lot farther from home than the small private college and that is Partido State University.

In college,i take BSBiology as my course although it was so hard for me, i was so excited even if im a little bit of nervous because of my new classmates,but now were friends after the 1st semester of class, and we know more about ourselves. My purpose in study is to finish my course for four years that’s why i pursue my college life for my family.

I’ve always hold into a quote by the singer named Harry Style:” a dream is only a dream,until you decide to make it real.” That always sounded like something i wanted to do.

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My Autobiography
Hi. I’m Mayiee. Mariel Brutas Contante for complete. A Second year College student taking up BS Biology in Partido State University.
This is the Story of a person that is a simple one who dreams big.
I was born in the small town of Tigaon year 1997, having a lovable Mama and Papa, Grandparents as well. When I was just a little kid, My Mama send me to Tabaco City, Albay where I’ve grown, living with my Grandparents. That’s why they call me Lola and Lolo’s girl. No doubt, because, whenever I celebrate my Birthday, they don’t forget to send me a gift. But as time goes by, like people say, “life is not forever”, sadly My Lolo died because of the Lung Cancer when I was in Grade 5 at Tigaon Central Pilot School. And as part of growing up, I changed a lot, like from a little kid to a teenager, from being a brat to a nice one.
I studied High school at Siena College Tigaon, where I spend my teenage life with friends and classmates and I could say that being a high school student is very awesome. Why? Because it was all here, all the jamming, weird jokes, hangouts, crushes, and laughing with friends as if there’s no tomorrow. These are the thing I missed the most.
When I was already a Senior Student, I was assigned to be the CAT Leader (Corps. Commander) but sadly, fear of leading a group was my weakness, because I don’t know why I always thought that I don’t deserve that position, handling a group that is so important to the school. And I know that there some that is better than me. I can’t help myself thinking why I always thought that I’m so weak, but because of the help of my dearest friends, I overcome that fear stuffs.
College is what now what my education is. I am now near to the said facing the true life. It is says that “the meaning of life is a philosophical question concerning the significance of life or existence in general. And it can also be expressed in different forms, such as, “why are we here?” what is life all about?”, and “What is the purpose of existence?” it has been the subject of much philosophical, scientific, and theological speculation throughout the history.” But for me, it’s our precious gift that we receive from God that we must be thanking of because “Life is exceptional because we are just chosen to live to have a better future for our own and for the world.”
For my future? I’ll just work hard for that and time will come that I’ll be one of the most successful people this world. So, start dreaming and that is to Dream BIG.

Synthetic Polymers – A Marine and Environmental Long term Threat Nowadays

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              In this world full of different elements, we as humans must care about the place we are living today. We live in a modern world through the latest technologies,life and things becomes easier for us, making impossible things be possible through modernization but have you ever wondered about the habitat of other living organisms being disrupt and destroyed due to the abusive activities of man to nature?

In Marine Environment, even the smallest plankton have life and contributes to the equilibrium of our biodiversity,and if these smallest organisms gets died because of the chemicals present in the synthetic polymers there will be a tendency for the biodiversity not to be in the state of equilibrium. Also our terrestrial,aquatic,stream,and estuary environment will not be in the state of balance if the other organisms are not present because of the different aspects that may affect the way organisms live.

“Plastic World” as we define our century right now, the things that we see everyday are almost composed of Synthetic Polymers. Polymers are non-biodegradable and it takes thousands and millions of years to decompose but humans used plastics in everyday living. People are lacking of discipline when it comes to throwing the wastes and garbage they used, some throw it in the rivers and others throw it in the sea.See? Who will be affected? Again, marine life and the environment. I, as a biology student recommend to bury your garbage rather than burning it because it can just contribute to the depletion of the ozone layer.    Polymers are said to be contagious and dangerous for it contains different chemicals in producing such things that are made of plastics and therefore it is harmful to all living organisms. It maybe sad knowing the truth that in marine environment, many small organisms died because of those poisonous and hazardous chemicals found in the synthetic polymers floating in the rivers and seas.

Synthetic Polymers are considered to be a longterm threat to Marine life organisms and to the environment nowadays, knowing the fact that these polymers are part of the pollution in our environment. When these polymers are being thrown just anywhere, it simply contributes to the pollution and can cause damages in the habitat of the organisms living in the sea. Yes. These polymers help us to make our everyday living an easier one, but have you ever thought of our mother nature? Our environment? Look at our surroundings, its not merely beautiful as it was before. The main problem of everything is in man, who abuse their freedom in our environment, who doesn’t care about mother nature and the one who lacks discipline and initiative in simply putting the garbage wastes in correct places. Thermosets, Thermoplastics, synthetic fibers, and silk are all categorized as Synthetic polymers. We can re-use, reduce, and recycle these plastics however time will come that it can’t be use anymore. That’s the time that polymers are considered to be a pollution to our environment and since that we have the so called “equilibrium” or balance, all organisms are dependent to each other and one thing an organism did will always affect the other so does the abuse of man to nature will also affect man. I can now predict what will happen in the future through the use of synthetic polymers as a longterm threat to the environment, seeing the environment dull and meaningless to man kind and that’s the time that it can’t be called environment. Looking in the reality, man uses polymers everyday and that synthetic polymers takes million years  and not a single click to decompose. We are living in the same century, people should reduce the use of synthetic polymers everyday.

Group 4- Pacay,Contante,Candelaria Belleca

SOLAR JET FUEL

Innovation

  •  Solar chemical reactor demonstration and Optimization for Long-term Availability of Renewable JET fuel (SOLAR-JET) to ascertain the potential for producing kerosene from concentrated sunlight, CO2 captured from air, and water.
  •  SOLAR-JET optimization of a two-step solar thermochemical cycle based on ceria redox reactions to produce synthesis gas (syngas) from CO2 and water, achieving higher solar-to-fuel energy conversion efficiency over current bio and solar fuel processes.
  •  A novel approach that focuses on assessing the technology potential, chemical suitability of the fuel, and economical and technological scalability.

Benefits

  •  A far-reaching alternative towards the production of carbon-neutral kerosene from CO2 captured from air, water, and solar energy.
  •  Demonstration of pioneering processes for risk aversion in highimpact strategic long-term investments for the aviation energy future.
  • Demonstration of the key technological components for solar aviation “drop-in” fuel production that enables the use of existing fuel infrastructure, fuel system, and aircraft engine, while eliminates the logistical requirements of biofuels, hydrogen, or other alternative fuels.

Technology advancements / workplan outline

  • Assessment of the technological potential of solar kerosene.
  • Optimized solar chemical reactor design for syngas production.
  • Production of kerosene from water, carbon-dioxide and simulated concentration solar radiation.
  •  Testing in a solar simulator facility with a light source similar to the solar spectrum that affords experimentation under precisely-controlled, reproducible conditions.
  •  Comprehensive solar chemical reactor modeling that couples heat and mass transfer to the chemical reactions for the optimization of the reactor geometry and estimation of the scale-up potential.
  •  Identification of further technology requirements and an initial assessment of the economic potential.

Background

Solar thermochemical approaches to splitting CO2 and H2O inherently operate at high temperatures and utilize the entire solar spectrum, and as such provide an attractive path to solar fuels production with high energy conversion efficiencies in the absence of precious metal catalysts. In contrast to direct thermolysis of CO2 and H2O, two-step thermochemical cycles using metal oxide redox reactions further bypass the CO/O2 or H2/O2 separation problem. Figure 1 shows schematically the proposed two-step H2O/CO2 splitting thermochemical cycle based on metal oxide redox reactions, encompassing:

  1. an endothermic reduction of the metal oxide into a metal or reduced-valence metal oxide and O2 evolution using concentrated solar radiation as the source of high-temperature process heat; and
  2. an exothermic reaction of the reduced metal/metal oxide with H2O/CO2 which yields H2/CO, together with the initial form of the metal oxide; the latter is recycled to the first step.

The net reactions are H2O= H2+½O2 and/or CO2 = CO+½O2,. Since O2 and H2/CO are released in separate steps, the need for high-temperature gas separation is thereby eliminated. The syngas mixture H2/CO can be further processed to liquid hydrocarbon fuels (via Fischer-Tropsch and other catalytic processes), such as diesel, kerosene, methanol, and gasoline using existing conventional technologies.

Schematic of a two-step solar thermochemical cycle

Figure 1. Schematic of a two-step solar thermochemical cycle for H2O/CO2 splitting based on metal oxide redox reactions. MOox denotes a metal oxide, and MOred the corresponding reduced metal or lower-valence metal oxide. In the first, endothermic, solar step, MOox is thermally dissociated into MOred and oxygen. Concentrated solar radiation is the energy source for the required high-temperature process heat. In the second step, MOred reacts with H2O/CO2 to produce H2/CO (syngas). The resulting MOoxis then recycled back to the first step, while syngas is further processed to liquid hydrocarbon fuels.

Cerium oxide (ceria) has emerged as a highly attractive redox active material choice because it displays rapid fuel production kinetics and high selectivity. Reduction proceeds via the formation of oxygen vacancies and the release of gaseous O2, resulting in the subsequent change in stoichiometry (x). Oxidation is capable of proceeding with H2O and/or CO2, thereby releasing H2 and/or CO and re-incorporating oxygen into the lattice. The two-step H2O/CO2 splitting solar thermochemical cycle based on oxygen-deficient ceria is represented by:

High-T reduction: CeO2 → CeO2-x + x/2O2 (1)
Low-T oxidation with H2O: CeO2-x + xH2O → CeO2 + xH2 (2a)
Low-T oxidation with CO2: CeO2-x + xCO2 → CeO2 + xCO (2b)

Recently, within the framework of a joint collaboration between ETH Zurich, PSI, and the California Institute of Technology, a solar chemical reactor was tested at PSI’s High-Flux Solar Simulator for the CeO2-δ / CeO2-δ-x solar thermochemical cycle [Ref. Science 2010]. This first-generation solar reactor prototype, shown schematically Figure 2, consisted of a cavity-receiver containing a highly porous ceria tube that was directly exposed to concentrated solar radiation.

Schematic of the solar reactor configuration

Figure 2. Schematic of the solar reactor configuration for the 2-step solar-driven thermochemical production of fuels. It consists of a cavity-receiver containing a porous monolithic ceria cylinder. Concentrated solar radiation enters through a windowed aperture and impinges on the ceria inner walls. Reacting gases flow radially across the porous ceria, while product gases exit the cavity through an axial outlet port. Red arrow indicates ceria reduction (oxygen evolution); blue arrow indicates oxidation (fuel production). [Ref. Science 2010].

Experimental investigation

Figure 3. Doctoral student Philipp Furler and Prof. Aldo Steinfeld during the experimental investigation of the solar thermochemical reactor under (simulated) concentrated solar radiation.

Objective – The aim of the SOLAR-JET project is to demonstrate a carbon-neutral path for producing aviation fuel, compatible with current infrastructure, in an economically viable way. The SOLAR-JET project will demonstrate on a laboratory-scale a process that combines concentrated sunlight with CO2 and H2O to produce kerosene by coupling a two-step solar thermochemical cycle based on non-stoichiometric ceria redox reactions with the Fischer-Tropsch process. This process provides a secure, sustainable and scalable supply of renewable aviation fuel, and early adoption will provide European aviation industries with a competitive advantage in the global market. The collaborators within SOLAR-JET combine all necessary competencies for the realization of project objectives, including: a unique high-flux solar simulator, a state-of-the-art computer simulation facility and software to significantly reduce the required number of experiments, and a Fischer-Tropsch unit for producing the first ever solar kerosene. These efforts are further complemented by assessments of the chemical suitability of the solar kerosene, identification of technological gaps, and determination of the technological and economical potentials. The outcomes of SOLAR-JET would propel Europe to the forefront in efforts to produce renewable, aviation fuels with a first-ever demonstration of kerosene produced directly from concentrated solar energy. The fuel is expected to overcome known sustainability and/or scalability limitations of coal/gas-to-liquid, bio-to-liquid and other drop-in biofuels while avoiding the inherent restrictions associated with other alternative fuels, such as hydrogen, that require major changes in aircraft design and infrastructure. The process demonstrated in SOLAR-JET eliminates logistical requirements associated with the biomass processing chain and results in much cleaner kerosene and represents a significant step forward in the production of renewable aviation fuels.

ETH Zurich’s role within the SOLARJET project is to:

  • formulate and experimentally validate a reactor model for heat/mass transfer and fluid flow.
  • develop and optimize the solar reactor technology for producing syngas by splitting H2O and CO2, and to further process the syngas to kerosene (jet fuel).

Recommended Reading: Virginia Woolf’s Diaries

The Daily Post

Most successful writers do one or two things really, really well. Then there’s that small group of word magicians who can keep us riveted while recounting their trip to the greengrocer. Virginia Woolf firmly belongs among the latter. If you ever need proof, check out her diaries, where you’d be hard-pressed to find a non-mesmerizing sentence:

VirginiaWoolf

The heat has come, bringing with it the inexplicably disagreeable memories of parties, and George Duckworth; a fear haunts me even now, as I drive past Park Lane on top of a bus.

Diary entry from May 25, 1926

Beyond the mere pleasure of her prose, however, Woolf’s diaries contain so much wisdom, so much focused insight on the craft, and struggle, and pleasures of writing, that reading through any random entry is worth roughly 73 “How to become a better writer” articles. Case in point:

Yesterday I finished the first part of To the Lighthouse, and…

View original post 491 more words

All About Me

I was born on cold rainy day in September 5, 1998 in Goa, Camarines Sur, Philippines. I still live in Salog, Goa, Camarines Sur and currently taking BS Biology as a course at Partido State University. My mother is Virginia; my Father is Joel; and my brother is Joel Pacay Jr. We are four members in the family. My name is Maureen A. Pacay, 16 and I inherit a chinese blood from my grand mother

I have a beautiful cat. He is my baby and he is very lovely. I love my cat! Someday I will buy shitzu puppies, thats one of my dream! I really love pets. My hobbies are cooking and playing scrabble. I am also fond of reading scriptures, books and short stories. I’m weird.I do love chocolates. I am very good at hiding feelings. I am the princess of the family when I was a child, I always wore my precious crown whenever I go. Thats the epic moment of my childhood days.

I started to go to school when I was four years old through Little Angel Day Care Center. I went to elementary school when I was 6 years old; during those times I lived with my grandmother, that’s why I started to become independent because living without your family isn’t that easy at first. But when you did it yourself, there’s also an advantage in becoming independent. I love my family. My parents care about my education; they told me that ”education was the only key to success”. I always bear those words in my mind. Those six years were the happiest times in my memory. I had learned so many things, do the household chores and time management at my young age. The teachers would just give homework, and I am happy to enjoy some free time of myself. I graduated as the Class Salutatorian of our batch 2009-2010 at Salog Elementary School. I could consider it as a productive 6 years.

I studied in high school in a school named Visita de Salog High School from 2010 to 2014. In this school I had friends that counts, because not all the time I talked and laughed with my friends. In some other way, I had the other side of being a loner and workaholic person. My daily routine was always been full schedule for a busy person like me, but I still manage to deal with my friends and enjoy some days with them because they are part of my life. I always loved science, but in the course in numbers I was always worried. Mathematics is my failure ever since. When I was in high school, I lived with my mom and my brother, I am happy to be with them. First year high school, I became the President of the organization SAMAHAN NG MAG-AARAL SA FILIPINO (SAMAFIL) A/Y 2010-2011. I’m quite busy doing our various projects in the said organization.
I failed to be the President of Supreme Student Council during the election when I was in 2nd year. I accept it because I know what Sportsmanship means. Winning and losing is a part of every game. Third year life when I accepted the challenge to run again for SSC President and thanks to God because I won. When I reach 4th year H/S, I am the SSC President at the same time the Science & Math Organization President. Again and again we did different projects for the organization. Also I am the title holder of “MUTYA NG AGHAM AT MATEMATIKA 2013’’ conducted during the night of Science and Math Camp, which is one of our project in SCIMATH ORGANIZATION.
I enjoyed the last week in high school, not only for my friends but also because I learned so many things there and experiences that I would never forget. The teachers were very good people. My experiences in high school were quite memorable, I red e-books and novels; I also cooked for my friends. My friends and I enjoyed those moments because we told jokes, played, told stories and watched koreanovelas at my friend’s house. We are all kpop fanatics and I won’t forget those moments when we spazz together. When I remember those times, I want to come back to past and live it again. My friends and I were sad when the school year finished, because some of us were going to different universities. On the other hand, we were happy for our progress and our new important steps in our lives. I graduated as the First Honorable Mention and received 3 major leadership award from Vice-President Jejomar Binay;Francis Padua Papica Foundation Inc.; and Christian Innovative Leadership Award.

I am so excited to go to college, knowing the fact that this is the university where quality education comes first. As of now I am studying college at Partido State University taking up BS Biology.

Actually, BS Biology is not my first choice because all I want is BS Geology but since that I did not passed in the cut off that’s why my mom I choose BS Biology as my course. Maybe God has a better plan for me in Biology and all I can do is to trust him. Definitely, I’m still in the sense of accepting my course and my environment in college. (Not really). I choose BS Bio as my second course knowing that it is also a science related course in my school. I love to study Science. At first, I thought I don’t have future in Biology for the reason that it is not a quota course; however I realized that our future depends on us and how we deal with our life.

I admit it, that my heart is not wholly in biology; maybe someday I would learn to love biology and the only to it is acceptance in taking my course, loving what I’m doing in biology and trusting God’s will for my life. I’m still anticipating that one day I would love to study my lessons just the same way back the old times and putting so much efforts. Biology is an interesting subject to study and it depends on others how they describe this course. But for me it is an interesting subject to study about yet it’s not that easy subject to study especially when you started General Biology.

My family and friends keep me motivated in my studies day and night. My mom is my inspiration in my everyday life and because of her my efforts are worth it. Even though my mom is my ultimate enemy sometimes (just kidding) as she is the one who’s always been the boss that makes every decision for my life, what she wants for me, for my life. (That I hate anyway) I guess mom wants the best for me, thus I just keep on following her rules and despite of her attitude towards me, she’s always been my inspiration.

Friends are the person that keeps me going  they add colors to my life, the happiness, care, waley jokes, and their shoulder (whom can I lean on if I had a problem) are the best things of having friends. Most of all when I am down, they are the ones that will dig up the ground just to pull me up. I admit it, I am not that talkative and friendly that much but I can be your friend if you can handle my worst mood, and having the same flaws keep us being together and our differences that makes us grow stronger. I have been thankful to God to have my Barney&Friends (Dianna,Danielyn,Roseson,Sam,Lovely). Lastly, our God Almighty who’s the director of my life, my hope, my friend, my love and savior.

Five years from now, I am already 21 years old woman with my stable job here in the Philippines and currently working in laboratory as a researcher. Perhaps continuing to achieve my dreams and goals in life and saving money to buy a condo unit and a car.  It’s the start of being my workaholic as a person and I’m quite busy focusing on my career and family.

  Welcome to my Gallery!!

Meet my mom
Meet my mom
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My Bestfriend
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Bicol for Christ Activity
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My one and only brother

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